Doug's Darkworld

War, Science, and Philosophy in a Fractured World.

George Armstrong Custer meets Buffalo Calf Road Woman: The Battle of the Greasy Grass (aka The Battle of the Little Bighorn.)

with 10 comments

Ah, the Battle of the Greasy Grass. Or the Battle on the Greasy Grass. Or the Battle of Greasy Grass Creek. Or as us white people call it, the Battle of  the Little Bighorn or Custer’s Last Stand. It’s in the news lately, because a military flag that was carried into the battle by Custer’s forces sold at auction for $2.2 million. I’m retty sure the guy carrying the flag never imagined that was in store for its future. It’s also pretty likely he never imagined the flag would survive in white men’s hands because it was concealed under his body.

Yes, the battle didn’t go well for Custer and his men. That’s common knowledge. Custer and a heroic band of the 7th cavalry are overwhelmed by a  horde of Native America savages, and go down fighting to the last man. That’s how the battle was portrayed in the USA for nearly a century, since then it has become a bit more nuanced. And it’s recognized in most circles that the Indians fighting and dying that day were warriors defending their homes and way of life, and as deserving of respect and honour as Custer and his men. In some circles at least.

And that’s pretty much all that is known about this battle. OK, that’s not true. A tremendous amount is known about the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Every aspect of the battle and the battlefield has been exhaustively studied, and a large number of eyewitness accounts were recorded. Unfortunately, a lot of this body of knowledge contradicts itself, and worse, there are two huge gaps. For one, Custer and everyone with him died, so historians have absolutely nothing to go on there. Secondly, Custer’s widow ferociously defended his reputation, and was largely successful in preventing any real investigation of the tragedy lest it besmirch his name. And she lived till 1933, a lot of time was lost, and a lot of witnesses died. So we have a hugely important battle, at least symbolically, about which a great deal is known … and about which there are still many important unanswered questions.

So, the battle. Lt Colonel Custer in June of 1876 rode into Montana as part of an attempt to round up Native American Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho and get them back onto a reservation as part of the Black Hills War of 1876-77. There were other forces involved, but Custer’s column had about 650 men. He had refused an offer of more men and Gatling guns, the first primitive machine guns, fearing they would slow him down. And they would have, he made more than thirty miles a day as he pursued the Lakota and Cheyenne.

When Custer caught up with the Indians and saw perhaps the largest Indian encampment he had ever seen, he decided to split his force into three parts and attack the village from multiple directions. As far as anyone can tell, Custer simply didn’t think there were all that many Indian warriors in the village, and apparently ignored warnings there might be more warriors than they could handle. Majors Benteen and Reno  each had a force to command, while Custer and his men rode to the other side of the village to attack. The attack was supposed to be simultaneous, but as happenstance would have it, Reno’s men attacked first.

It was 3pm the afternoon of June 25th. It didn’t go well. Usually when the US cavalry attacked an Indian village, most of the Indians ran while the warriors made more or less suicidal charges at the cavalry. This time there were an awful lot of warriors, none of them were running away, and some of them were shooting at the cavalry from concealed positions. Then one of Reno’s top scouts, a man by the name of Bloody Knife, was shot in the head at Reno’s side, blood and brains splattering Reno’s face. Reno more or less panicked at that point and ordered a hasty retreat, most of his force’s casualties occurred when they ran. They got to a better position though, and reinforced by Benteen’s forces, were able to hold the Indians at bay. In the distance they could hear gunfire from Custer’s men, it stopped about 430 pm. Benteen was criticized later for not trying to reinforce Custer as well, but he knew Reno’s men were in great danger, so his decision to reinforce Reno was reasonable at the time. Benteen and Reno’s men were trapped all night on some small hilltops, surrounded by hostile Lakota and Cheyenne warriors.

What had happened to Custer and his men? Well, they were all killed. That’s the only thing really known for sure. The route they took, exactly where and how the battle was fought, and how it ended is still not entirely clear. What is clear is that Custer charged into a  situation where he was badly outnumbered and out-gunned by Indian warriors, many of who had been trained by the great Indian War Leader Crazy Horse to shot from cover, move, and shoot again. Repeat. This was not something Custer and his men had ever seen before, and it must have been infuriating. Briefly. The battle didn’t last very long, less than an hour, maybe much less. There was some organized resistance on the part of Custer’s men, and at the end a group of them did try to shoot their way free. They didn’t make it. Custer, his brother, two nephews, and over 200 men were killed, in less time than it takes for a hungry man to eat a meal some accounts say.

What’s to be learnt from this fiasco? Well. it’s almost certainly a  wonderful example of a military leader with political ambitions putting caution to the wind in an effort to promote his career. An all to common scenario in war, certainly America’s wars. And it’s a good idea to do reconnaissance before advancing into combat, one would think that this would be obvious, but history is littered with horrible military catastrophes that occurred simply because a few scouts weren’t sent ahead. Or more baffling, the scout’s reports were ignored because the person in charge had contempt for their foe. This last fact alone is strong evidence that humans aren’t really an intelligent species.

There’s all sorts of other points and fascinating tidbits I could relate about this battle. For now I will leave it be, it’s just a fine example of what unholy bedfellows war and politics make. I will be writing more on that in further posts.  I’ll end with one final bit of trivia. According to Cheyenne accounts, the person who knocked Custer off his horse at the end was a warrior named … Buffalo Calf Road Woman. Yes, the Cheyenne had no problem with women fighting if they wanted to. She had in fact been a hero in a previous battle, the Battle of the Rosebud. War can be a woman’s place too, who knew?

(The image above is claimed as Fair Use under US copyright law. It’s not being used for profit, is central to illustrating the post, and is only part of the original image. Credit and copyright: Sothebys. This was written from a  number of sources, including my memory of numerous documentaries and books. I apologize in advance if there are any egregious errors or omissions. This post is dedicated to all that died that day, both Custer’s men and the unknown number of  Indian warriors that fell. God rest their souls.)

 

 

10 Responses

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  1. Ive actually been to the site of the battle, back in ’92… The battlefield is partibularly unusual because it is the only battlefield where the U.S. Soldiers were buried where they fell… Its not as big as one would imagine, but that could be the mind playing tricks– there is nothing but wide expanses of grassland throughout the entire area. Custer had more balls than brains- his civil war exploits display a total disregard for personal safety- and one can only roll the dice so many times before ending up the way he did. The Indian wars of 1876 were filled with brutality and cruelty on both sides… The Indians were ultimately outnumbered, but no one can question their bravery or skill as warriors. The history of the U.S. Is rife with double crossing, dirty dealing, and cruelty- that is our past, our present, and ultimately our future. I fear that one day this nation will have to pay for all of the misadventures it has undertaken, both old and new…

    Steve

    January 2, 2011 at 4:35 pm

  2. Thank you for the web site I think this story should be told at least a movie made. Women nead to see this they can do anything a man can do and better in most cases.So Custer abandoned his men most people seem to think he was pompus Big mouth cowardly baby killer I wonder if he was scared when he got it, Indains are none for honesty thats why I believe this story .

    Ken Harper

    March 17, 2011 at 6:11 pm

    • Don’t hold your breath guy

      Indaingiver

      November 18, 2012 at 7:35 pm

      • I dunno, I could see a movie being made from the Indian’s perspective, it really is an amazing story. There have been some revisionist history movies made in the USA, the Outlaw Jesse Wales being one I can recall off hand. Granted, I’m not going to hold my breath though. —Doug

        unitedcats

        November 18, 2012 at 8:03 pm

    • Hollywood should get it from the Indian perspective there are many statement in the archives made by Indians that wittiness many historical events,an historians know for fact some Military officials fabricated what happen at battle to make them self look good.I don’t watch Indian movie anymore Tenderheart was the last one an it was ok

      Indiangiver

      September 24, 2015 at 4:07 pm

  3. The Native American eye wittness that where there, tell a different story from the movies Battlefeild Decetives have comfirmand they where acurate, of course where discredited being Indains but Native have always pride themselves in having Face like the Asains.

    Indaingiver

    November 18, 2012 at 7:34 pm

    • There have bean many ridicules spaghetti westerns about the battle of the little big horn an not one was authentic most made the Indian into the evil one .

      Indiangiver

      September 24, 2015 at 4:01 pm

    • There have bean many ridicules spaghetti westerns about the battle of the little big horn an not one was authentic most made the Indian into the evil one .

      Indiangiver

      September 24, 2015 at 4:01 pm

  4. I know for a fact lying was unheard of with my ancestor’s as was agressive,competive,or ownership because we shared everything with out question.Of course you don’t believe me so read Mead and other Anthropologist with PHD they will say the same thing.

    Indaingiver

    November 18, 2012 at 10:00 pm

    • I don’t recall implying anyone was lying, I apologize if I gave that impression. If I rewrote this post today I would emphasize that archeology showed that Indian accounts of the battle were very accurate. And I’m aware that Indians were for the most part more honest and less materialistic than whites. There’s a story I heard once, a white man was visiting an Indian village. They told him he could leave his stuff in one of the dwellings, he inquired if it would be safe there? The chief said “Absolutely, you’re the only white man within a hundred miles.” —Doug

      unitedcats

      November 18, 2012 at 10:10 pm


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